With both your personal life and your financial life, no two decades will look exactly alike. Your needs and obligations in your 20s probably seem quite different from those in your 50s.
Each decade of adulthood comes with some general rules about spending and saving. If you’re young, these rules will give you a head start on living within your means. And at any age, they’ll help you meet your short- and long-term financial goals and prepare for retirement.
We asked Liz Weston, MSN Money columnist and author of the book The 10 Commandments of Money, to outline the personal-finance do’s and don’ts of your 20s, 30s, 40s and 50s. Here – in the first of a four-part series – Weston takes you through the Dos and Don’ts of your 20s.
“…start saving for retirement. Don’t put it off while you pay off debt, save for a down payment, or pursue other goals. Retirement should be your No. 1 priority. You can’t make up for lost time.
… create a plan for paying down your debt over time. Prioritize paying off any credit card debt.
… start paying off education debt. If you have both federal and private loans, pay the minimum possible on the federal debt so you can prioritize paying off the private loans.
… put at least 20 percent down on any car you buy, and make the sure the payments don’t eat up more than 5 to 10 percent of your income.
… set up earmarked savings accounts, so you can save up for vacations and other such expenses.”
“… live beyond your means. Your “must-have” expenses – rent or mortgage, utilities, food, minimum loan payments, insurance – should not equal more than half your take-home pay.
… buy a home unless you’re sure you can stay put five to 10 years – which is how long it may take for appreciation to offset the cost of selling and moving.
… avoid the stock market. You have decades ahead to ride out its swings.
… go bare when it comes to health insurance. At the very least, buy a high-deductible policy that will protect you from catastrophic bills.
… fall into the habit of carrying credit-card debt.”
What are your tips for people in their 20s trying to manage personal finances? How do your financial habits line up with those on Weston’s list?